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Abel, M. H., & Sewell, J. (1999). Stress and burnout in rural and urban secondary school teachers. The Journal

    of Education Research, 92(5), 287-293.


Agras, W. S., Southam, M. A., & Taylor, C. B. (1983). Long-term persistence of relaxation - Induced blood

    pressure lowering during the working day. Journal of Consulting Psychology, 51(5), 792-794.


Allison, K. W., Burton, L., Marshall, S., Perez-Febles, A., Yarrington, J., Krish, L. B., & DeVries, C. M.

   (1999). Life experiences among urban adolescents: Examining the role of context. Child Development,

   70(4), 1017-1029.


Anderson, A., & Haslam, I. R. (1994). A three phase stress inoculation program for adolescent learners.

   Journal of Health Education, 25(1), 4-9.


Bar-Tal, Y., Raviv, A., & Spitzer, A. (1999). The need and ability to achieve cognitive structuring: Individual

    differences that moderate the  effect of stress on information processing. Journal of Personality and Social

   Psychology, 77(1), 33-51.


Bauwens, J., & Hourcade, J. J. (1992). School-based sources of stress among elementary and secondary at-risk

    students. The School Counselor,  40, 97-102.


Berger, B. G. (1994). Coping with stress: The effectiveness of exercise and other techniques. Quest, 46(1),


Bigbee, J. L. (1992). Family stress, hardiness, and illness: A pilot study. Family Relations, 41, 212-217.

Bosscher, R. J. (1993). Running and mixing physical exercises with depressed psychiatric patients.

    International Journal of Sports Psychology,  24, 70-184.


Bunting, C. J. (1982). Managing stress through challenge activities. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation

    and Dance, 53(7), 48-49.


Carter, J. (1999). Missionary stressors and implications for care. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 27(2),


Chan, D. W. (2005). Counselling values and their relationships with self-efficacy among Chinese secondary school teachers in Hong Kong. Counselling Psychology Quarterly, 18(3), 183-192.

Chan, D. W. (2003). Hardiness and its role in the stress - Burnout relationship among prospective Chinese teachers in Hong Kong. Teaching & Teacher Education, 19(4), 381.

Chan, D. W. (2002). Stress, self-efficacy, social support, and psychological distress among prospective Chinese teachers in Hong Kong. Educational Psychology, 22(5), 557-569.

Cheung, E. (2005). Hong Kong secondary schoolteachers' understanding of their careers. Teachers & Teaching, 11(2), 127-149.

Cheung, S. Y., Ying, Y.C., Ding X., , Gao, C., (1999 April) Mental Health of Youths in Hong Kong and

    Beijing” paper presented at AAHPERD National Convention, at Boston, U.S.A. 


Cheung, S.Y. (1999). Relaxation training for high school students in Hong Kong. The Journal of the

    International Council for Health, Physical  Education, Recreation, Sport, and Dance, 35 (4), 62-64.


Cheung, S.Y.(1998).  Application of stress management in secondary school, Journal of Physical Education &

    Recreation (Hong Kong) 4,(2), 12-18.


Cheung, S.Y. (1997).  Physical education and stress management, 1996 Open Contest on Production of

    Physical Education Teaching Materials for Hong Kong Secondary Schools – A Collection of the Awarded

    Essays. Curriculum Development Institute, Hong Kong.


Cleaver, V., & Eisenhart, H. (1982). Stress reduction through effective use of leisure. Journal of Physical

   Education, Recreation and Dance, 53(7), 33-34.


Coleman, D. (1993). Leisure based social support, leisure disposition and health. Journal of Leisure Research,

    25(4), 350-361.


Coleman, D., & Iso-Ahol, S. E. (1993). Leisure & health: The role of social support and self-determination.

   Journal of Leisure Research, 25(2), 111-128.

Coville, C. A. (1979). Relaxation in physical education curricula. The Physical Educator, 36(4), 176-181.

De Wilde, E. J., & Kienhorst, C. W. M. (1994). Social support, life events, and behavioural characteristics of

     psychologically distressed  adolescents at high risk for attempting suicide. Adolescence, 29(113), 49-60.


Dukes, R. L., & Lorch, B. (1989). The effects of school, family, self-concept, and deviant behaviour on  

     adolescent suicide ideation. Journal of  Adolescence, 12, 239-251.


Dumont, M., & Provost, M. A. (1999). Resilience in adolescents: Protective role of social support, coping

    strategies, self-esteem, and social  activities on experience of stress and depression. Journal of Youth and

   Adolescence, 28(3), 343-363.


Felz, D. L., & Landers, D. M. (1980). Stress management techniques for sport and physical education. Journal

    of Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, 51(2), 41-43.


Fenker, R. M., & Lambiotte, J. G. (1987). A performance enhancement program for a college football team:

    One incredible season. The Sports Psychologist, 1, 224-236

Franks, B. D. (1994). What is Stress? Quest, 46(1), 1-7.

Gill, D. L. (1992). A sport and exercise psychology perspective on stress. Quest, 46(1), 20-27.

Goede, M. D., Spruijt, E., Iedema, J., & Meeus, W. (1999). How do vocational and relationship stressors and

     identity formation affect adolescent mental health? Journal of Adolescent Health, 25, 14-20.


Gould, D., & Udry, E. (1994). Psychological skills for enhancing performance: Arousal regulation strategies.

     Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercises, 26, 478-485.


Hall, C. R., Rodgers, W. M., & Barr, K. A. (1990). The use of imagery by athletes in selected sports. The Sport

    Psychologist, 4, 1-10.


Hardan, A., & Sahl, R. (1999). Suicidal behavior in children and adolescents with developmental disorders.

    Research in Developmental Disabilities, 20(4), 287-296.


Hartup, W. W., & Stevens, N. (1999). Friendships and adaptation across the life span. Current Directions in

    Psychological Science, 8(3), 76-79.


Hillenberg, J. B., & Collins, R. L. (1983). The importance of home practice for progressive relaxation training.

    Behavioral Research Theory, 21(6), 663-642.


Holmes, C. S., Yu, Z., & Frentz, J. (1999). Chronic and discrete stress as predictors of children's adjustment.

    Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 67(3), 411-419.


Janssen, K., & Neutgens, J. (1986). Autogenic training & progressive relaxation in the treatment of three

    kinds of headache. Behavioral Research Theory, 24(2), 199-208.


Jedema, H. P., Sved, A. F., Zigmond, M. J., & Finlay, J. M. (1999). Sensitization of norepinephrine release in

    medial prefrontal cortex: Effect of different chronic stress protocols. Brain Research, 830, 211-217.

Jepson, E., & Forrest, S. (2006). Individual contributory factors in teacher stress: The role of achievement striving and occupational commitment. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 76(1), 183-197.

Johnston, B., & McCable, M. P. (1993). Cognitive strategies for coping with stress in a stimulated golfing task.

    International Journal of Sports Psychology, 24, 30-48.


Kerr, G., & Leith, L. (1993). Stress management and athletic performance. The Sports Psychologist, 7, 221-


Kyriacou, C. (2001). Teacher Stress: directions for future research. Educational Review, 53(1), 27-35.

Landers, D. M. (1994). Performance, stress and health: Overall reaction. Quest, 46(1), 123-145.

Lanselle, K. M., & Russel, T. T. (1993). To what extent are school counselors using mediation and relaxation

    techniques. The School Counselor, 40, 178-183.


Lee, C. (1990). Psyching up for a muscular endurance task: Effects of image content on performance and

     mood state. Journal of Sports and Exercise Psychology, 12, 66-73.


Lehrer, P. M., & Woolfolk, R. L., Rooney, A. J., McCann, B., & Carrington, R. (1983). Progressive relaxation

    and meditation: A study of psychophysiological and therapeutic differences between two techniques.

    Behavioral Research Theory, 21(6), 651-662.


Lesko, W. A., & Summerfield, L. M. (1988). The effectiveness of biofeedback and home relaxation training on

    reduction of borderline hypertension. Health Education, 19(5), 19-23.


Lightsey, O. R. (1994). "Thinking Positive" as a stress buffer: The role of positive automatic cognitions in

     depression and happiness. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 41(3), 325-334.


Long, B. C. (1993). Aerobic conditioning (jogging) and stress inoculation interventions: An exploratory study

    of coping. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 24, 94-109.


Martin, K. A., & Hall, C. R. (1995). Using mental imagery to enhance intrinsic motivation. Journal of Sports

     and Exercise Psychology, 17, 54-69.


Mathis, M., & Lecci, L. (1999). Hardiness and college adjustment: Identifying students in need of services.

    Journal of College Student Development, 40(3), 305-309.

Mearns, J., & Cain, J. E. (2003). Relationships between teachers’ occupational stress and their burnout and distress: Roles of coping and negative mood regulation expectancies. Anxiety, Stress & Coping, 16(1), 71.

Meier, K. V. (1994). Physical activity and stress: The road not taken and the implications for society. Quest,

    46(1), 136-145.


Melamed, S., Ugarten, U., Shirom, A., Kahana, L., Lerman, Y., & Froom, P. (1999). Chronic burnout, somatic

    arousal and elevated cortisol levels. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 46(6), 591-598.


Mente, A., Helmers, K. F. (1999). Defensive hosility and cardiovascular responses to stress in young men.

    Personality and Individual Differences, 27, 683-694.

Miller, L. (1989, November). What biofeedback does (and doesn't) do. Psychology Today, 23, 22-25.

Miller, S., & McCormick, J. (1991). Stress: Teaching children to cope. Journal of Physical Education,

    Recreation and Dance, 62(2), 53-70.


Monk, E. M., & Manhood, Z. (1999). Student mental health: A pilot study. Counselling Psychology Quarterly,

     21(2), 199-210.


Morano, C. D., Cisler, R. A., & Lemerond, J. (1993). Risk factors for adolescent suicidal behaviour: Loss,

     insufficient familial support, and hopelessness. Adolescence, 28(112), 851-864.


Niemi, P. M., & Vainiomaki, P. T. (1999). Medical students' academic distress, coping, and achievement

     strategies during the preclinical years. Teaching and Learning in Medicine, 11(3), 125-134.


Oliver, G., & Wardle, J. (1999). Perceived effects of stress on food choice. Physiology & Behavior, 66(3),



Queralt, M. (1993). Risk Factors Associated with Completed Suicide in Latino adolescents. Adolescence,

     28(112), 831-850.


Ren, X. S., Skinner, K., Lee, A., & Kazis, L. (1999). Social support, social selection and self-assessed health

    status: results from the veterans health study in the United States. Social Sciences & Medicine, 48, 1721-



Reynolds, S. B. (1984). Biofeedback, relaxation training and music: Homeostasis for coping with stress.

    Biofeedback and Self-regulation, 9(2), 169-172.


Romano, J. L. (1992). Psychoeducational interventions for stress management and well being. Journal of

    Counselling and Development, 71, 199-201.


Sachs, M. L. (1982). Running therapy: Change agent in anxiety and stress management. Journal of Physical

    Education, Recreation and Dance, 53(7), 44-45.


Schmied, L., Steinberg, H., Moss, T., & Sykers, E. A. (1994). Aerobic exercise and Type A behavior. Journal

    of Sports Science, 12, 433-445.


Shulman, S., & Margalite, M. (1985). Suicidal behaviour at school: A systematic perspective. Journal of

    Adolescence, 13, 39-52.


Stewart, S. M., Betson, C. L., Lam, T. H., Chung, S. F., Ho, H. H., Chung, T. C. F. (1999). The correlates of

    depressed mood in adolescents in Hong Kong. Journal of Adolescent Health, 25, 27-34.


Strang, S. P., & Orlofsky, J. L. (1990). Factors underlying suicidal ideation among college students: A test of

    Teicher & Jacobs' model. Journal of Adolescence, 13, 39-52.

Tang, C. S. K., Au, W. T., Ralf, S., & Gerdamarie, S. (2001). Mental health outcomes of job stress among Chinese teachers: Role of stress resource factors and burnout. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 22(8), 887.

Throll, D. A. (1982). Transcendental meditation and progressive relaxation: Their physiological effects.

    Journal of Clinical Psychology Effects, 38(3), 522-530.


Van Gyn, G. H., & Wenger, H. A. (1990). Imagery as a method of enhancing transfer from training to

     performance. Journal of Sports and Exercise Psychology, 12, 366-375.


Winzelberg, A. D., & Luskin, F. M. (1999). The effect of a meditation training in stress levels in secondary

     school teachers. Stress Medicine, 15, 69-77.

Wrisberg, C. A. (1994). The arousal-performance relationship. Quest, 46(1), 60-77.


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